Personal protective equipment (PPE) should be selected based on the results of a situation/site risk assessment. This includes taking into consideration the likelihood of exposure and the activities or work practices being performed.

Workers must receive training on and demonstrate an understanding of:

– When to use PPE;
– What PPE is necessary;
– What is the limitation of their PPE;
–  Extremely important, how to properly don (put on) and doff (take off) PPE in a manner to prevent self and environmental contamination
– How to properly dispose of disposable PPE must be part of the plan and important for infection/contamination control
– How to properly clean, decontaminate, and maintain reusable PPE after and between uses.

Employers should have documented policies and procedures describing a recommended sequence for safely donning and doffing PPE.
Employers should follow their national requirements for Personal Protective Equipment programs per work safe guidelines and their own H&S policy.
Situations where there is a potentially infectious or confirmed infectious person present, the minimum PPE guidance is:

– A N-95 respirator or higher level of respiratory protection such as a powered air-purifying respirator (PAPR)
–  Eye protection or face shield
– A disposable gown or covering, if disposable gowns are not available, a protocol for laundry must be in place
– Gloves should be worn
– Shoe covers or dedicated shoes that can be decontaminated may be needed based on the site risk assessment.